The acidity of the vinegar is believed to help stimulate the shedding of dead skin cells on the scalp. Massage it in for about 5 minutes, really focusing on the roots. Just take a tablespoon or so of warm coconut oil and apply directly to your scalp. Accessed July 12, 2019. It is also proven to have powerful anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, which may help alleviate symptoms of dandruff (4). Scalp issues, which can include mild irritation, itchiness, dandruff, or in more severe cases, scalp dermatitis, are way more common than you think. All rights reserved. Dandruff is a common scalp condition in which small pieces of dry skin flake off of the scalp. Baking soda is an exfoliant that can remove excess skin cells and oil … At the end of the study, tea tree oil reduced the severity of symptoms by 41% and improved greasiness and itchiness (6). One test-tube study measured the antifungal effects of baking soda on some of the most common strains of fungus that cause skin infections. 3. That said, test-tube studies show that apple cider vinegar and its compounds can prevent the growth of certain types of fungus (21, 22). Borda LJ, et al. In one study, 19 people with dandruff used two shampoos containing either piroctone olamine combined with salicylic acid or zinc pyrithione. Accessed July 12, 2019. Allergies and dermatitis: A … for video Mayo Clinic Minute: Tips for dealing with dandruff, Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Mayo Clinic Minute: Tips for dealing with dandruff, Home Remedies: Tips for dealing with dandruff, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Get rid of a dry, itchy scalp and annoying white flakes once and for all with these dermatologist-approved home remedies for dandruff, including coconut oil, tea tree oil, and aspirin. Dandruff is characterized by a dry, itchy scalp. Friese adds to this, noting that, while both dandruff and a dry scalp tend to come and go, dandruff—which is a result of a fungal infection—is unlikely to disappear without treatment. For best results, try applying baking soda directly to wet hair and massaging it into your scalp. Dandruff treatments are ways you can get rid of or control itching and flaking on your scalp. Keywords dandruff dandruff shampoo dandruff treatment dry scalp scalp oily scalp. Follow these tips from dermatologists to get the best results. Here’s how to tell the difference. 4. If your scalp itches and flakes, your doctor can tell if it’s just dandruff or a more serious problem like psoriasis, a disease that causes red, scaly patches on your skin. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. You may need to try more than one shampoo to find the hair care routine that works for you. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Mild cases often benefit from medicated shampoo designed to treat the scalp and ease itching. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Here are 9 simple home remedies to naturally get rid of dandruff. Found in kitchen pantries around the globe, baking soda is a quick, convenient and readily available remedy to help treat dandruff. Add Apple Cider Vinegar to Your Routine, 11 foods that are loaded with healthy probiotics, Dandruff: What Your Itchy Scalp Is Trying to Tell You, Is Dandruff Contagious? The following tips may be useful in managing and preventing itchy scalp: 1. Journal of Clinical and Investigative Dermatology. Over-the-counter shampoos that contain tea tree oil may be good for the scalp. Scratching irritates the skin and can make your symptoms worse. Baking soda also has antifungal properties that could be beneficial in the treatment of dandruff. Dandruff is a common condition that causes the skin on the scalp to flake. To start, combine ¼ cup of jojoba oil with 5 drops of tea tree oil. Tea tree oil may fight lice, too. People use it for the itchy symptoms of psoriasis and dandruff. While you figure out the cause, try not to scratch your scalp. Wash your hair after at least 20 minutes. They help manage oil production and hydration, promote wound healing and prevent premature aging (27). Despite oily dandruff being often a persistent scalp problem for many individuals, it can still be controlled if proper treatment is administered. Apple Cider Vinegar. McGraw-Hill Education; 2019. https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. If that doesn't help, try a medicated dandruff shampoo. The most effective way to treat and control dandruff is to use dandruff shampoo and scalp treatments. Dandruff is a downer. You may need to apply antifungal creams, topical steroids, and … For mild dandruff, wash your hair every day with a … Accessed July 12, 2019. In fact, one study showed that taking probiotics for 56 days significantly reduced dandruff severity in 60 people (33). Deficiency can cause dry skin, dry hair and dandruff. You can take steps to reduce your risk of developing dandruff or to control it: Small studies have found that tea tree oil can reduce dandruff, but more study is needed. Dandruff. Apple cider vinegar has been associated with a variety of health benefits. "Shampoo has a precipitate that once applied takes several minutes to separate itself out to allow it to remain on the skin to become active. If you've used medicated shampoo regularly for several weeks and still have dandruff, talk to your doctor or dermatologist. Tea tree oil may help because it’s a natural antiseptic, antibiotic, and antifungal. There are many potential probiotic benefits, including protection against allergies, lower cholesterol levels and increased weight loss (30, 31). Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The real cause for dandruff formation from the normal physiological spectrum of scaling is yet to be understood but it is a common scalp disorder affecting almost half of the population at the pre-pubertal age and of any gender and ethnicity making it clear that most people experience dandruff at some point in their lives. Tea tree oil, which comes from the leaves of the Australian tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia), has been used for centuries as an antiseptic, antibiotic and antifungal agent. Bananas are nourishing and moisturizing, making them a great treatment for dry scalp and even dandruff. Tea tree oil. For the Mayo Clinic News Network, I'm Jeff Olson. Apple cider vinegar is also often used as a natural remedy to get rid of dandruff. Applying coconut oil to the skin for eight weeks reduced symptoms by 68%, compared to just 38% in the mineral oil group (8). The oil may cause allergic reactions in some people. "Be careful and aware how you use your shampoo." Not only is it kind of embarrassing, but it’s also uncomfortable, itchy and compromises your scalp’s health. And you'll likely need repeated or long-term treatment. Follow this remedy two to three times a week. The acidity of the vinegar is believed to help stimulate the shedding of dead skin cells on the scalp. Some hair stylists can perform a scalp treatment that uses steam to deliver more moisture to your scalp. Let it sit for a minute or two, then continue shampooing your hair as usual. Additionally, dry scalp can be caused by a host of other underlying issues that can complicate the diagnosis and treatment. Use anti-dandruff shampoos to minimize the white flakes of dandruff. Learn the difference between these two conditions. Cosmeceuticals and skin care in dermatology. Is dandruff contagious? While stress itself doesn’t cause dandruff, it can aggravate symptoms like dryness and itching (16). In … Apple cider vinegar is also said to balance the pH of the skin to reduce the growth of fungus and thus fight dandruff. Test-tube studies have also found that aloe vera can reduce inflammation, which may relieve symptoms (14). The potential antimicrobial properties of coconut oil may improve skin hydration and reduce symptoms of eczema and dandruff. Here’s a list of 11 foods that are loaded with healthy probiotics. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. For an easy dandruff remedy, try crushing two tablets of aspirin and adding the powder to your shampoo before washing your hair. Stress can weaken the immune system and decrease the body’s ability to fight off infections that cause dandruff. https://www.aad.org/public/skin-hair-nails/hair-care/how-to-treat-dandruff. Aloe vera has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Some products need to be left on for a few minutes, while others should be rinsed off quickly. It’s best to dilute it by adding a few drops to a carrier oil like coconut oil before applying it directly to the skin. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Despite these promising results, additional studies are needed to look at how aloe vera may directly affect dandruff. Omega-3 fatty acids play an important role in the body. Although dandruff can be a frustrating problem, there are plenty of natural remedies available that can reduce symptoms and provide relief. Peppermint oil may be effective at reducing dandruff and soothing the scalp, calming down itch. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. To keep stress levels under control, try some stress reduction techniques, such as meditation, yoga, deep breathing or aromatherapy. Sodium bicarbonate, which many people know as baking soda, may help reduce dandruff. Luckily, with the best shampoos for dandruff… Dandruff shampoos are classified according to the medication they contain: If one type of shampoo works for a time and then seems to lose its effectiveness, try alternating between two types of dandruff shampoos. Dandruff. "We can differentiate whether the patient has overactive oil glands, simply dryness and dehydration causing scaling and flaking, or a combination thereof.". We've got answers to your most pressing questions about dandruff. Ingredients to look for in OTC medicated shampoos include salicylic acid and tar. Treatments include over the counter treatments such as shampoos or prescribed treatments as wells as home treatments. American Academy of Dermatology. Symptoms may return later.Dandruff is considered to be a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis. In addition to being moisturizing, they’re a … Probiotics have also been shown to help decrease symptoms of skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis, especially in infants and children (34, 35, 36). Your doctor will likely be able to diagnose your dandruff and its cause simply by looking at your scalp and skin. "When someone visits a primary care provider or a dermatologist regarding dandruff, we need to do an examination of the scalp.". The best treatment for an itchy scalp depends on the cause: Seborrheic dermatitis: Antifungal shampoos and anti-inflammatory medications can ease symptoms. For mild dandruff, first try daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo to reduce oil and skin cell buildup. If that doesn't work, a medicated shampoo may help. What You Need to Know About Using Baking Soda on Your Hair, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Is It Dandruff or Psoriasis? It isn't contagious or serious. Impressively, baking soda was able to completely inhibit fungal growth in 79% of specimens after seven days (37). It’s believed to act as a gentle exfoliant to remove dead skin cells and reduce scaling and itchiness. Natural Medicines Database. In fact, according to one review, tea tree oil is effective at fighting the specific strain of fungus that can cause both seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff (5). Well-known for its multiple health benefits, coconut oil is often also used as a natural remedy for dandruff. Scalp treatment with apple cider vinegar is effective in getting rid of dandruff. Omega-3 fatty acids are also vital to skin health. “Dandruff is caused by an elevation of fungus on the surface of the scalp, whereas a dry scalp is simply a hydration issue,” he says. A doctor can often diagnose dandruff simply by looking at your hair and scalp. Stress is believed to impact many aspects of health and well-being. While there is little evidence supporting the use of apple cider vinegar as a cure-all, science…, As a hair fad that’s replaced commercial shampoos, people report that baking soda, dissolved in water, can remove excess oil and buildup, soften your…. Similarly, a test-tube study found that aloe vera was effective against several species of fungi and may help control fungal infections that cause hair loss from the scalp (13). You can treat both types of dandruff with special shampoos that have active ingredients designed to reduce irritation and rehydrate the scalp. Another study showed that a shampoo containing salicylic acid was similarly effective as a prescription medication in treating seborrhoeic dermatitis and dandruff (25). Note that tea tree oil can cause irritation in those with sensitive skin. It restores the pH balance of the scalp, thereby inhibiting the growth of yeast. Salicylic acid works by helping get rid of scaly skin and loosening flakes so that they can be removed (1). This content does not have an English version. Here are 6 science-based ways it can benefit your health. Kermott CA, et al., eds. Other research has found that coconut oil could aid in the treatment of eczema, a skin condition that may contribute to dandruff. At first, use a medicated shampoo one to three times a week to treat dandruff. In fact, one study of 82 people with seborrheic dermatitis, one of the most common causes of dandruff, showed that the majority of dermatitis episodes were preceded by a stressful life event (18). If you’d like to give apple cider vinegar a try, add a few tablespoons to your shampoo or combine it with other essential oils and spray directly onto hair. The first two to try are brushing your hair and using a dandruff shampoo. Can Apple Cider Vinegar Benefit Your Hair? Tea tree oil has anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce the severity and symptoms of dandruff. Treatment with baking soda baths was found to significantly reduce both itchiness and irritation after just three weeks (38). Dandruff and psoriasis can both cause dry, flaky skin on your scalp. Living Proof’s dry scalp treatment is a lightweight, fast-absorbing formula designed to get rid of flakes and irritation by soothing the scalp. However, there are no studies to support these claims and many of the benefits of apple cider vinegar for dandruff are based on anecdotal evidence. Mayo Clinic dermatologist, Dr. If you develop itching, stinging, redness or burning from any product, stop using it. Stress also often precedes episodes of seborrheic dermatitis, one of the most common causes of dandruff. Probiotics are a type of beneficial bacteria that are good for your health. This content does not have an Arabic version. When applied to the skin, aloe vera is believed to help treat skin conditions like burns, psoriasis and cold sores (11). Drink enough water. … All rights reserved. Apple cider vinegar is incredibly popular in the natural health community. Dandruff: How to treat. Both shampoos were able to decrease dandruff after four weeks, but the shampoo containing salicylic acid was more effective in reducing the severity of scaling (24). It may also be beneficial in the treatment of dandruff. In addition to being found in aspirin, salicylic acid is also found in many anti-dandruff shampoos. They can also be found in many types of fermented foods, such as kombucha, kimchi, tempeh, sauerkraut and natto. An itchy scalp may be a sign that you need to switch to…. Whether you're opting for a scalp scrub or sticking to a dandruff shampoo-conditioner combo, Gaunitz recommends adding this serum to your post-shower haircare routine. These include improving insulin sensitivity and increasing weight loss (19, 20). 5. Underlying causes of dandruff include dry skin, seborrheic dermatitis, sensitivity to hair products and the growth of a specific type of fungus that lives on the scalp (2, 3). For mild dandruff, first try daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo to reduce oil and skin cell buildup. Another 4-week study examined the effects of tea tree oil on dandruff by treating 126 people daily with a shampoo containing either 5% tea tree oil or a placebo. You can also take a fish oil supplement or increase your intake of other omega-3-rich foods like flaxseed, chia seeds and walnuts. Salicylic acid has been shown to be effective in the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis and dandruff. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. An itchy scalp and flakiness are the hallmark signs of this condition, but it may also cause other symptoms like greasy patches on the scalp and tingling skin. Lemongrass oil may be an effective treatment for dandruff, according to a 2015 randomized controlled trial. A weakened immune system can reduce your body’s ability to fight off some of the fungal infections and skin conditions that contribute to dandruff. Dandruff is known to cause white, oily flakes, but it can also cause your scalp to feel itchy. 2015; 3:1. Coconut oil may help improve skin hydration and prevent dryness, which can worsen dandruff. Make a donation. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Sustaining high levels of stress long-term may suppress the activity of the immune system (17). One to three times a week to treat dandruff a type of succulent that frequently... Or zinc pyrithione atopic dermatitis also note that baking soda, may help reduce inflammation which! 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